Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming a feature of our world and everyday life in myriad ways. The office is building this web page as a resource page for those interested in rapid developments.
Our latest work: AI in healthcare
Prime Minister Hipkins had asked us to start a new project on artificial intelligence, with a particular focus on healthcare delivery. The Terms of Reference can be found here. This project tackled the implications of this rapidly evolving technology with a focus on the opportunities it creates to satisfy unmet needs, in the context of the challenges it poses. We have worked with a panel and wider reference group of experts and stakeholders to inform our work. The panel was co-chaired by the PMCSA and the CSA to Manatū Hauora | Ministry of Health, Ian Town. This work will be live soon.
(Image source: Getty images)
The international regulatory landscape for AI
Separately from the work described in the Terms of Reference, we have attempted to summarise the international regulatory context for AI . Specifically, we outline some of the challenges of designing appropriate regulation, an emerging international consensus on the principles regulation should support, and specific pieces of relevant legislation around the world. The purpose of this document isn’t to make recommendations, but to highlight the relevant issues and collate what is happening elsewhere.
With any new technological development, understanding its societal implications and deciding whether and how the new technology should be regulated poses a challenge. AI has added complexity because of the speed at which AI technology is evolving. The release of publicly accessible generative AI late in 2022, for example, raises issues not addressed by the emerging international consensus on the principles that should underpin AI regulation.
We’ll be updating this summary periodically, but it’s worth noting that, like AI itself, the regulatory state of play will continue to evolve.
Other useful resources
We’ll be updating these so keep checking back!
AI in health
- Ethics and governance of artificial intelligence for health – A 2021 report by the World Health Organisation,
- The future of healthcare algorithms in Aotearoa New Zealand – A 2021 report by Precision Driven Health
- A roadmap for artificial intelligence in healthcare for Australia – A 2021 report by the Australian Alliance for Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare.
- Artificial Intelligence for Health in New Zealand – A 2019 report by the AI Forum NZ and Precision Driven Health.
Other AI resources
- Māori data governance model – A 2023 report by Te Kāhui Raraunga
- ChatGPT & large language models: What are the implications for policy makers? – A 2023 discussion paper by the AIRA
- Implementing Australia’s AI ethics principles – A 2023 report by Gradient Institute and CSIRO
- The impact of artificial intelligence on jobs and work in New Zealand – A 2021 report from the University of Otago with funding from the Law Foundation
- The effective and ethical development of artificial intelligence – A 2019 report for the Australian Council of Learned Academies
- Government use of artificial intelligence in New Zealand – A 2019 report from the University of Otago with funding from The Law Foundation
- Artificial intelligence: Australia’s ethics framework – A 2019 report by CSIRO
- AI to Z: all the terms you need to know to keep up in the AI hype age – A 2023 article by The Conversation
- ChatGPT explainer – A 2023 explainer of LLMs for teachers by Simon McCallum
- ChatGPT and AI tools – A 2023 video by Simon McCallum exploring the role of AI in research
Our expert panel members
We have been overwhelmed by the amount of interest we received for this project. We are grateful to all who expressed an interest in the work and to those who have agreed to be a part of our reference group. After much consideration we have assembled a panel of experts that bring a diverse range of views and expertise. We look forward to working closely with our panel of experts for the duration of the project.
- Professor Juliet Gerrard (Co-Chair) – PMCSA
- Professor Ian Town (Co-Chair) – Ministry of Health
- Professor Alistair Knott – School of Engineering and Computer Science, Victoria University of Wellington|Te Herenga Waka
- Professor James Maclaurin – Centre for AI and Public Policy, The University of Otago | Te Whare Wānanga o Ōtākou
- Dr Karaitiana Taiuru (Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāti Toa) – Taiuru & Associates; AI Forum; AI Researchers Association
- Megan Tapsell (Ngāti Whakaue, Ngāti Pikiao, Ngāti Raukawa ki te Tonga) – AI Forum NZ
- Dr Robyn Whittaker – Te Whatu Ora; School of Population Health, The University of Auckland | Waipapa Taumata Rau
- Professor Michael Witbrock – Institute for Natural, Artificial and Organisational Intelligence (NAOI), The University of Auckland | Waipapa Taumata Rau
- Dr Vithya Yogarajan – School of Computer Science, The University of Auckland | Waipapa Taumata Rau
We were privileged to hear from Director General of Health Dr Diana Sarfati at our first panel meeting in late June, 2023. She spent some time sharing about our current health context and highlighting where the project could add value. Members of the team from OPMCSA, MoH, and our wonderful panellists are pictured below.
From left to right: Rebecca Benson, Jeremy Tuohy, James Maclaurin, Michael Witbrock, Diana Sarfati, Juliet Gerrard, Megan Tapsell, Vithya Yogarajan, Robyn Whittaker, Karaitiana Taiuru, Ian Town.
Our team and the expert panel members at the Panel 2 meeting. From left to right: Rebecca Benson, Emma Brown, Vithya Yogarajan, Juliet, Ian Town, Alistair Knott, Robyn Whittaker, Karaitiana Taiuru, Megan Tapsell, James Maclaurin, and Michael Witbrock.
Our reference group
Our mahi is further informed by experts and stakeholders from across the motu. We are grateful to those who have expressed an interest in the work and have provided feedback. So far over 100 people have opted to join our reference group.
We will update this page as the project unfolds. Keep an eye out for project updates and useful resources!
Last edited: 30 October 2023